According to dental clinic Brampton, other dental diseases include: tooth scarring, erosion and abrasion, abnormal tooth resorption, tooth deposits, tooth discoloration, dental ankylosis, other specified and unspecified dental diseases.
Other diseases of the solid tissues of the teeth are caused by various causes: mechanical trauma, congenital or genetic diseases, idiopathic, heartburn, inflammatory diseases of the teeth, and bacteria from the oral cavity and others.
Increased abrasion of the teeth is a structural loss of tooth tissue caused by chewing. This increased abrasion can be proximal and occlusal. Other reasons include, misuse of toothbrush, smoking. It is clinically manifested by shortening of teeth and increased sensitivity.
Increased tearing of teeth:
Abrasion is a loss of tooth structure by mechanical impact. The most susceptible to abrasion is the transition of cement into a dentine and can result in rapid loss of tooth. Reasons for abrasion are tooth brushing, toothpicks, and toothbrush. Treatment consists of stopping progression by using soft toothbrushes. Existing abrasives can be restored by tooth fillings.
Other diseases of the hard tooth tissues are tooth erosions. Tooth erosion is stages or varieties of increased tearing of teeth, most often occurs in people who consume mainly hard and dry food. Tooth erosion is also very common in people working in the chemical industry – chemical laboratories, agrarian workers and others. As a result of this type of nutrition, the tooth is worn out. Erosion is a physiological problem and should be distinguished from the bruxism that is due to a psychological basis. Tooth erosion usually occurs at the sixth or seventh tooth. Erosion of the tooth increases sensitivity. If the defect is severe, it is possible to make a seal. If the defect is poor, apply sparing gels and pastes that remain as a protective foil over the tooth surface.
Erosion of teeth:
Pathologic tooth resorption is a disruption of part of the dental structure or the entire tooth is resorbed due to activation of osteoclasts that have the function of removing the mineralized tissue. Pathological resorption may be external or internal resorptions of the papilla. Internal resorption is a condition where dentin and pulp begin to absorb centrally from the root canal. The first manifestations are pink shades on the crown of the tooth. External resorption is the condition where resorption starts from the surface of the root. The cause is chronic inflammation, cysts, tumors, trauma, and sometimes the cause is unknown.
Hypercythemosis enters in the classification of other solid dental tissue diseases. Cement covers the root surface and is a specialized calcified connective tissue. Functionally belongs to the tissues of the tooth holding part. Two kinds of cement are morphologically different:
– Primary (without cellular) – forms before the tooth enters occlusion. It contains little collagen fibers and its collagen matrix is completely calcified.
– Secondary (cellular) – after occlusion on the primary, additional secondary cement is deposited. It is either cell-free or cellular and contains more collagen fibers. It is deposited on the apical third root after the tooth enters a function. Contains a lot of fibrils.